What is Cyber Law?
With the phenomenal and enormous growth of Internet, there emerged the need for a new and highly specialized branch of Law called Cyber Law. Due to the far reaching consequences of the Internet, many complex and delicate new issues relating to various legal aspects of Cyber Space are to be dealt with by Cyber Law.
Jurisdiction and Sovereignty
As the Internet is growing rapidly, Jurisdiction and Sovereignty , has emerged as a complex issue. The Internet does not acknowledge the existence of Sovereignty and Territorial limitation and moreover, there is no law or convention granting International Jurisdiction of universal application of Cyber Law, thereby giving rise to conflict of Private International Law. There is an urgent need for legislating Cyber Laws in different national Jurisdictions. Many a times the suspect of Cyber Crime cannot be arrested by a State due to the lack of any Cyber Law. So the incriminating content of a website may not be illegal in such a country.
The concept of Net Neutrality is that every Internet user has a right to equal access. The Internet users should be free to determine the application and content of their choice. Today Net Neutrality is a major issue as it is under serious threat from the broadband carriers. All the highly developed and innovative applications of the Internet we find today, are the outcome of the principle of Net Neutrality espoused by the Cyber family.
According to Tim Berners-Lee, Inventor of the World Wide Web, The neutral communications medium is essential to our society. It is the basis of a fair competitive market economy. It is the basis of democracy, by which a community should decide what to do. It is the basis of science, by which humankind should decide what is true. Let us protect the neutrality of the net."
Liberty of Speech and Expression in Cyberspace
Internet is the most inexpensive and fastest way of international communication. Number of websites are multiplying everyday. The easy access to vast information and interaction with people has generated a myth of unrestricted freedom. The growing menace of CYBER CRIMES like defamation has raised the need for restrictive regulations on the LIBERTY OF SPEECH AND EXPRESSION. Many countries have initiated measures to filter the informations reaching it's citizens. The battle of legal complications relating to the freedom and regulation of speech in Cyberspace stays on.