Employment may be defined as the work or occupation of an individual for which he is remunerated. It is a contract between the employer and the employee regarding the terms and conditions of work. Employer is one who engages persons as workers or employees and pays them in lieu of the work done. An employee renders his service to another person who, upon a contract of hire, has the power to direct and control him. Employment may be in different sectors like public, commercial(profit), non-profit, private and household sectors. Enterprise, Profit, Labour and Wages are the ingredients of employment. Upon the enterprise of the employer, employment is created where the employee puts his labour in lieu of wages. The intention of creating profit is limited to certain kinds of employment only and thus is not an indispensable element. There are some mutually exclusive and unconventional types of employment, such as – self employment, volunteering, internship and slavery.
Employment law is the set of laws, administrative rules and regulations and case laws which governs the legal rights and duties of workers and their working place. Thus it controls numerous aspects of employers, employees and trade unions. The growth in business and employment has motivated the development of employment laws. About a century ago, money did not constitute an element of employment. People used to sell products or a particular service on ad hoc basis or they had to work as slaves. But now all employments are contractual in nature and thus legally enforceable. After the Great Depression and World War II, there was a significant attempt in the international scenario to introduce social justice and reduce unemployment. In the year 1919, after the First World War, International Labour Organisation was established to regulate the diverse aspects of employment and labour affairs.