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Family : Family is a group of closely knit people who are connected with each other by blood relation or by adoption. |
Family Law deals with family-related issues and domestic relations including, but not limited to: Marriage, types of marriage and more recently, domestic partnership , post marriage problems / concerns like torture by spouse, child abuse, child abduction, divorce, child custody, adoption, succession, and claims of alimony.
Family law is the branch of civil law that deals with legal relationships among family members, including husbands, wives, parents, children, and domestic partners. An advocate specialized in this field would deal with matters like adoption, child custody, visitation rights, domestic violence, divorce, juvenile dependency and delinquency, marital property rights, succession matters including Wills and intestate succession, support obligations, and paternity. Family law varies from state to state .
Marriage : Marriage is a legalised relationship between two people.The most frequently occurring form of marriage unites a man and a woman as husband and wife for legal, social and economic stability; the formation of a family unit; procreation, education and nurturing of children; legitimizing sexual relations; and public declaration of love. A marriage is universally a social occasion .
Divorce : Divorce or dissolution of marriage is the legal ending of a marriage. At times, a marriage can also be declared null and void. . Each state has its own requirements governing the rules of divorce. Divorce is very common in countries like US, South Korea, and the countries of European Union. The only exception is Malta where all civil marriages are for life, because civil divorce is banned. Japan retains a markedly lower divorce rate. Divorce can also happen on mutual consent.
Child Custody : Family law proceedings often lead to a situation where the custody of the child born out of the marriage becomes a major issue. While many parents cooperate when it comes to sharing their children, not all do. The parents land up in severe quarrels. If the parents cannot agree on a child custody arrangement, a court will likely make a child custody decision based on the best interests of the child. Now a days in India, when such situations arise, the Court seeks the child’s opinion and asks him separately whether he would like to go to his mother or to his father. This system is known as “Camera Court”.
Adoption : Adoption law creates the legal relationship of parent and child between persons who are not biologically connected to each other. It is largely a product of state law. Adoption laws vary from state to state.
Legal Guardian : is a person who has the legal authority to care for the personal and property interests of a minor, who is incapable of caring for his or her own interests due to infancy, incapacity, or disability.
Apart from the above, child support, domestic violence, guardianships, paternity, premarital agreements, spousal support, unmarried couples and visitation rights are the other components of Family Law.
Succession Law : The order in which one person after the other inherits a property, power, throne, or position is known as succession. The successor is usually liable for both the assets and liabilities of the predecessor. Succession in India is governed either by the statutes applicable to the different communities or by their personal laws. If a person dies without making a will as to which portion of his property shall go to whom, he is said to have died intestate and then, his property is distributed in accordance with the law of succession as applicable to the deceased.